Skip Hire sizes
There are a wide range of skip sizes for hire here at Norris Ludlow. Whether you’re planning an office clearing or a home removal, we have the perfect skip size to meet your needs. If you just need a small skip of 2 yards to carry out small DIY projects, or as big as a 12 yard skip for industrial purposes, we have the perfect size for you. Our skips are in sizes 2 yard, 4 yard, 6 yard, 8 yard, 10 yard, and 12 yard.
- 4 Yard Skip Hire You can find a 4 yard skip for hire as well at Norris Ludlow. This skip is about 0.90 meters in height, and can hold twice as much as the 2 yard skip can. Its width of 1.5m by 2.5m allows space for larger products, such as kitchen and bathroom refits, appliances, electronics, and furniture. It is big enough to hold 45 to 50 black waste bags, and more than 17 barrow loads of waste. It’s ideal for house or garden clearance, and other DIY projects.
- 6 Yard Skip Hire This skip works perfectly for home extensions and office premises renovation projects. Builders waste like pavers stones, concrete, and soil can be moved with the 6 yard skip, which is available at Norris Ludlow. It’s perfect for stashing away heavy waste and bulky materials like soil or stones. It has enough space for 75 to 95 black bin bags, or 30 full barrow loads of builders waste due to its width of 1.8m by 2.3m. This skip is probably the most used around your area.
- 8 Yard Skip Hire If your building project is quite big, the 8 yard skip we provide would be perfect. It’s not that different from the 6 yard skip, but it has a larger holding capacity. It’s around 1.9m by 3.4m wide, but it can take almost 20% more than what the 6 yard skip can. 100-115 black disposable bags can fit well into the 8 yard skip, as can 40 barrow loads of soil, concrete, and other builders waste. For large home removals, this skip is the ideal choice.
- 10 Yard Skip Hire The 10 yard skip is the one you want if you’re doing a large scale removal or garden clearance. Available for hire at Norris Ludlow, the 2.1m by 3.6m wide skip is ideal for commercial projects. It can take as many as 52 full barrow loads of commercial waste, or 120-140 big waste bags at any time. For larger building projects, home removals, and garden or site clearance, this is the skip to use.
- 12 Yard Skip Hire This skip is suitable for industrial processes. We have the 12 yard skip for hire here at Norris Ludlow for any large projects, like office or site clearance, and commercial projects that have large routine waste disposal needs. This skip has a height and a width of 2.5m by 4.0m, giving it enough space for about 150–185 large disposable bags at any time. It can also hold over 62 full barrow loads of paver stones, concrete, soil, slabs and so on.
Professional Ludlow Skip Hire
Do you need a skip to get rid of waste from your business or your home? Are you looking for skips that will take your waste away at a price you can afford? Norris Ludlow has got you covered. We ensure that waste does not become an environmental hazard by providing a professional skip hire service in Ludlow, we always do our best to work around your schedule. We’ve been serving the area for a long time, delivering skips fast, sometimes on a same-day basis. We have worked on just about every type of project that requires a skip, including factory clearances, office moves, building projects, and garden landscaping projects. We believe that we are the best priced skip hire service in Ludlow, and we never compromise on the quality of the service that we provide to our clients. We track all the waste we collect from you and recycle as much as we can. We are serious about recycling. Our environmentally friendly approach is at the centre of what we do, ensuring that we minimise any risk to the environment or the health of the public. At Norris, we have fully trained, vetted staff, who understand your needs and are always willing to help you recycle materials to declutter your home or office. Every one of our drivers holds a heavy goods vehicle (HGV) licence and the Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC), and will go out of their way to provide you with a professional, polite, and friendly service. So, you have nothing to worry about when you hire our skips or waste management services. Our skips are painted on a regular basis to ensure that they are always in good condition. We have a massive variety of skips that we can deliver to you in no time, from a few yards to massive 18+ yard skips, all at an affordable price. Fill out our contact form and get an online quote right now!
Why Norris Ludlow
We at Norris Ludlow are highly experienced in the waste management industry and, with it, have built a brand that says credibility, transparency, and top-notch service delivery. We prioritize the satisfaction and safety of our customers. At Norris Ludlow, we pride ourselves on being able to deliver your choice of skip to you on the same day you request it, and with a price that fits your budget. You will receive specialist advice, on how to get the perfect skip to rid your home or your business premises of waste, from our robust team of experts who are knowledgeable in the waste management sector. To get an online quote today, click here!
Accreditations and Experience
Norris Ludlow’s many years of experience in the skip hire and waste management sector has been recognized with awards, accreditation, and certificates. We were presented with our first award, which was the RoSPA Gold Medal Award, traditionally given to firms who have reached Gold Level and have remained there for consecutive 5 years. Our devotion to the safety and health of our customers, in the course of providing our service, is what earned us the award. We also hold a certificate from the International Standards Organization (ISO). Our implementation of the ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and OHSAS 18001 SHEQ management systems guarantee to our clients that we will never fall below expectations in delivering quality services. This is because the management and monitoring of our operations, customer service, and general service delivery is aided by the above named standards. Therefore, you can be assured that we are always improving, and our services will never fall below par. Norris Ludlow is proudly a member of the CIWM (Chartered Institution of Waste Management). The CIWM represents over 6,000 professional waste management agencies in the UK, and many other countries. These waste professionals (including Norris Ludlow) also work in the sustainable resources sector. CIWM also come up with the standards, guiding rules, and regulations for agencies under the above sector, and grades them according to their experience, qualifications, and education, as part of its constitution as a professional body. The fast growing third party accreditation body, SafeContractor, also has Norris Ludlow in its membership, and it is growing fast too. SafeContractor has over 150 major clients with over 17,000 contractors as members. The safety of your environment is guaranteed, especially as we are members of the above scheme. We are also proud to say that Norris Ludlow is a registered member of the Wood Recyclers Association (WRA). Agencies join the WRA so that they can be represented to regulatory authorities like the government. They counsel members on any topic or matter surrounding the wood recycling industry. The association offers an enabling environment for members to interact and reap the benefits of diverse opportunities and consequently promote the industry.
Environmental Agency Recycling Targets
For some time now, the government and the Environmental Agency have set certain recycling targets. We acknowledge these targets which include: The English and Welsh environment is protected and improved upon by the Environmental Agency. There are several government organisations and local authorities they work with to ensure that their targets are met, and that other environmental services they have to offer get to the areas where they are needed. The Environmental Agency also strives to improve the quality of water, land, and air continuously. They implement efforts to control environmental pollution, and further encourage the conservation of plants, animals, and other natural resources. There is more! The Environmental Agency is determined to educate the people on anything to do with the environment, improve waste disposal standards, and improve the recycling of household items in order to reduce their quantity. You can contact the Environmental Agency office in your region, or visit the head office in Bristol at Rio House, Waterside Drive, Almondsbury BS32 4UD. Telephone: 08708 506 506. As for Government Targets, a landfill directive was released. It states the targets for lowering the quantity of waste taken to landfill spots in the United Kingdom. From the recent year, the targets include: By 2015, the waste taken to landfill sites around the United Kingdom should be 35% of what was taken in 1995. By 2013, the waste taken to landfill sites around the United Kingdom should be 50% of what was taken in 1995. That the amount of waste taken to landfill spots in the UK by 2010 be only 75% of the amount taken in 1995 Furthermore, the following targets were introduced by the Waste Strategy 2000, for waste recovery and to make the landfill directive achievable: As at 2015, 67% of waste should be recovered, 45% of waste should be recovered as of 2010, while 40% of waste should be recovered as of 2005. The Waste Strategy of 2000 contains the natural recycling targets published by the government. Below are the targets: Composting and recycling should be carried out on 33% of household waste as of 2015. By the year 2010, 30% of household waste should be either recycled or it should be composted. By the year 2005, 25% of household waste should either be recycled or it should be composted and 30% was set for each local authority in 2005. The government has issued a grant to help local authorities in more recycling, reducing waste, and for landfill diversion, known as the ” Waste Performance and Efficiency Grant”. Materials like batteries, paper, printer cartridges, plastic, furniture, glass, oil, metal, electrical and electronics, vehicles, wood, clinical waste, building materials, and so on, have been listed as recyclable. If you want to keep yourself abreast of new additions to the targets, especially in recent years, contact us at Norris Ludlow office at Ludlow.
Do you need a cheap skip hire service? Norris Ludlow offers, alongside different sizes of skip at great prices, rubbish removal services, waste management solutions, and home and business waste clearance. Have you gone ahead and made a budget for the service you need? Norris Ludlow’s team of experts will ensure you receive the optimum services, by advising you on the best solution to go for. We can take care of your needs wherever you are in Ludlow. What can a skip do for you? Do you want to hire one for a construction project or for a home clearance? We have a suitable size to suit both your needs and your budget. We know the level of planning people put into their finances, and life generally, year in year out especially people living in the UK. Offering alternative options, which will ensure that your requirements are met no matter how much you’ve set as a budget, isn’t the only thing our professionals are willing to help you with, they are also here to provide sound advice and answers. Though we provide you with skips at affordable prices, we also maintain our professionalism and quality service, therefore, be assured that you can always depend on us for your waste clearance needs. With Norris Ludlow, you won’t need to pay a penny beyond what you budgeted for, since you know we can offer you your ideal skip, amongst other available services for great prices. Send us a message today to get an online quote, whether your reason for hiring a skip is for building purposes or for home use.
All Skip Sizes
Are you in the market for a particular size of skip for your home clearance or construction project? Norris Ludlow has you covered for all the skip sizes you need, for any quantity of waste. We will have your skip delivered to you on the same day you requested it, wherever you are in Ludlow Is there a large quantity of industrial waste you are looking for how to dispose of or recycle? Or you are just looking to rid your home of some waste, then what you need is one of our skips, which range between 2 yards and 12 yards. Here is a list of all the skip sizes we have: 2 Yard Skip – Our smallest, and cheapest, size for skips is this size. This size is ideal for a waste quantity that is very small. 4 Yard Skip – This skip is perfect for large items like home furniture, appliances, electronics, bathroom and kitchen refits. 6 Yard Skip – Perfect for those doing house extension projects or renovations on their business premises. 8 Yard Skip – Go for this size when you are conducting larger building projects, which leave waste and refits that are slightly larger than those for 6 yard skips. 10 Yard Skip – We recommend this size for those doing home removal or garden clearance. 12 Yard Skip – This is more like a small industrial skip. This skip size is capable of carrying over 62 barrows full of slabs, soil, paving stones, concrete, and so on.
Same Day Service
Does your house, office or construction site need a fast and efficient rubbish collection service, which can get to your location the same day to clear our your waste? Interested in a skip service in Ludlow that can, within hours of your request, deliver your ideal skip to you? With us, you have nothing to worry about. We provide you with a same day delivery service anywhere you are around Ludlow and its surroundings. We will be there for you at a moment’s notice once you give us a call on 020 8698 8000.
Fast and Efficient Service
Norris Ludlow professionals have been trained to treat waste management issue as health issues. That is why we don’t put the health of our clients, and the general public, in jeopardy by not keeping time or being inefficient. That is why we endeavour to deliver fast and efficient service to you – wherever you are in Ludlow or its surroundings. Maintaining good public help is something our team of experts are well aware of. We assure you that if you request a skip today, it will be at your doorstep today. It can’t get any easier! We want your schedule to go as planned, and make sure you don’t wait until the next day. Why not try us out today by calling or sending a message, and see how soon we get back to you.
Ludlow Commercial/Domestic Skip Hire
Norris Ludlow has you covered for your skip needs by getting you all kinds of skips at very affordable prices, wherever you are in Ludlow, for both commercial and domestic purposes. Do you wish to refurbish your office and want to dispose of all your old furniture? Do you need to clear out all the rubble from your garden or transform your landscape? We will give you the assistance you need. No matter how large your property, or the quantity of waste contained in it, our waste management experts can take care of it, and let you get back to your business or regular routine without any hiccups.
Looking For Quality Skip Hire?
For those living especially in Ludlow, we have put together some of the reasons why you should hire a skip. Choose health and cleanliness for your environment today by hiring a skip. Like they say, “health is wealth”. Besides the many health advantages, you will save money. Save gas money and get a skip, instead of going to and fro driving to dispose of dirt at a dump or recycling site. Before you know it, a truck comes to pick them up once they are full. This will also save you time. Time is money, so why spend the time you should be using on being productive to handle rubbish all the time? You should not be loading rubbish into a truck every time and lose focus on business and other daily activities. Spend less time and energy on waste disposal by hiring a reliable, fast, and efficient waste management firm. Call us now on 020 8698 8000 and let us handle your home removals, office clearing, and waste management issues.
Domestic Waste Removal
Tired of having waste piled up in your home? Are you looking for a professional waste management team you can rely on to help handle your home removals? Have you overfilled your garage or attic with materials you no longer find useful? We will help you get rid of unnecessary junk and also collect and recycle all your scrap so you won’t need to worry yourself. We understand your need to clear out old furniture and electronics, to replace them with newer ones while you are changing the interior decoration of your home. We also know that when redesigning your home, you might have a heap of unwanted materials in your yard that you want to get rid of. That’s why we at Norris Ludlow are dedicated to giving you an environmentally friendly service to ensure that all those items are removed as quickly as possible, and recycled too.
Professional Office Clearance
Does the business you run have an office? You are likely to find a pile up of unnecessary junk and unwanted materials in your workspace. If you begin getting too much work, you might want to move to a more spacious office. When you are changing offices and need to dispose of items you no longer need, you will need a reliable company. Here we come in. We offer assistance in disposing and recycling office material waste. Your small gadgets will be sent to a Waste Electrical Site (WEEE) for recycling. Give us a call today and we will be at your site in little or no time.
Professional Site Clearance
Do you manage a construction company that produces lots of building waste? Are you searching for how to recycle certain products and reuse them? Norris Ludlow is the ideal site clearance service you need. We keep your construction site constantly safe and clean, to ensure you can get on with work anytime you arrive. Do you need to have all the scrap metal, rubble, hazardous materials, aggregate, and building waste removed from your site? Once you place a call to us, our team of professionals will be promptly directed to your location.
Professional Rubbish Collection
We provide you with both home and business rubbish collection services. We want to ensure you focus on your routine, so we will be there to collect your waste from your property the same day you call us, whether you want us for a particular job or constantly need our services. Both around and in Ludlow, we have the most competitive prices when compared to other services. Our tools promote the wellbeing of the environment and abide by all safety and health standards. Do you represent a multinational corporation, own a home, or manage a business? Call us today for any form of waste removal, especially the hazardous ones.
Waste Management by Professionals
Go to Norris Ludlow if you are looking to remove all of waste products that are in liquid, solid, gaseous, or even sludge forms. Why worry about handling waste and getting your hands dirty when you can call us today and we will take care of it for you? We have you covered on anything waste management related, and will respond to your request on the same day you make it. Get a quote online today by filling in the form here.
Waste Removal for Builders
A skip will be needed when you are renovating your property or a construction site in order to stash the paver stones, building materials, concrete, slabs and all the other waste that comes from there. At Norris Ludlow, we not only provide skips to make the process smoother but we also assist in the builders waste removal. On our staff list is a team of highly trained experts who appreciate health and safety standards. They are always willing to offer you the perfect service to suit your needs and budget. Give us a call today and one of our experts will give you a quote no matter where in Ludlow your building project is.
We are known for the straightforwardness of our recycling process, as we track every part of it from collection to disposal and recycling. The waste is weighed once it is received at our facility. Through manual and mechanical processes, our trained operators separate the materials. The waste is separated by hand, air, and magnet in a tank where it was sent to through a conveyor belt. What follows is the recycling of the waste into reusable products.
Hazardous Waste Disposal
Certain waste has health risks for everyone living and working in your environment. These materials, which may come in gaseous, liquid, or solid forms, are also hazardous to the environment. Attempting to handle this waste yourself will be a risk to you and others around you. Norris Ludlow is a professional waste management company that you can hire for waste removal services. Norris Ludlow can bring you toxic waste removal services at home or at work, anywhere in or around Ludlow. Our teams of waste management specialists have undergone industry-leading training, to enable them to handle any hazardous waste in solid, sludge, gaseous, or liquid forms. We also secure waste collection that complies with industry standards, including the rules of all regulatory bodies.
Do You Need Help?
Competitive Skip Hire Prices in Ludlow
If you’re looking for some of the most competitive skip hire prices in Ludlow, there’s no need to go far because Norris Ludlow has the right skip at rates you can’t find anywhere else. We take extra measures to provide the right skip sizes for domestic and commercial use at very affordable prices. The smaller skip sizes are considered to be more cost saving for waste disposal But it is more cost effective to get small skips for smaller amounts of waste like 10 black bin bags and large skips for a larger quantity. We want you to get the ideal skip for your waste disposal needs at Norris Ludlow.
No matter the skip size you have in mind, our experts can advise you on how to save on them. To make the process even smoother for you, we include the cost of getting a skip hire permit, for if you do not have land of your own to place the skip. This saves you extra cost, time, stress to get a permit from your council office, and the possibility of getting fined if you use public land for your skip. We are always available on 020 8698 8000; call us or leave a message and we will provide the best skip hire prices.
Get Quote Online
Are you planning a house, office or business premise waste removal? Does your construction project require you to hire a skip that makes it easy for workers to manage waste that could become an environmental hazard? Reach out to Norris Ludlow today and find the most affordable skips that work within your budget. If you have a budget set for waste management or hazardous waste disposal, drop us a message right now and we will get you a quote as quickly as possible. Why worry about looking for a rubbish removal service in Ludlow, when you can simply get a quote online? Tell us what you want by filling in our contact form here and you will get a response from one of our experts today.
Compare affordable skip hire prices & order in seconds
It is a good idea to get quotes from a number of local skip hire services in and around Ludlow to get a picture of hiring costs. At Norris Ludlow we think this is advisable. However, we advise that you only request quotes from insured, licensed, and accredited companies. To have the option of comparing prices and ordering instantly, a skip service provider that can make delivery on the same day would be ideal for you. We can do this for you and cut costs at Norris Ludlow by making affordable skip hire services anywhere you are in and around Ludlow. Instead of hiring just any skip from a firm you don’t trust, why not rely on us for the ideal skips and waste removal solutions today! We have alternative skips available to you. We have highly trained professionals who can handle your office or house clearance if you need to hire professionals. Send us a message today and we will get back to you as soon as possible with a quote to suit your budget.
Fill in your postcode and get a skip hire price
Finding an affordable skip provider to hire from in your area is pretty easy, you only need to fill in your postcode here. Norris Ludlow can get you prices for whatever skip sizes you want, regardless of where you are. All you need do is enter your postcode in the bar above and click on “get price”. Our sophisticated algorithms will provide you with the right price for the skip you need wherever you are in Ludlow and its surroundings. Personal details like address and card details are not necessary. We want to be certain your budget specifications are met by any price list you get, so the proper waste disposal process can begin. You can also contact us if you want any specific skip hire service.
Other Skip Hire Pricing Factors
There a couple of factors that should be taken into consideration when hiring a skip. We at Norris Ludlow understand these skip hire pricing factors, and we have decided to give you a brief explanation of each of them. Regional pricing – skip hire costs differ by location, it could be higher or lower. You may get a skip for £50 in London and get the same skip for £20 in Ludlow. Pricing is also influenced by how long you want to keep the skip, the more time you want it, the higher the cost would likely be. Remembering as well that skip hire permits have a time frame and expiry dates. Limitations and Restrictions – every skip can only take a certain amount of weight regardless of their size. Make enquiries from your service provider on the limitations they might have. Some items are prohibited from being put in the skips, find out what they are, and obey the restrictions so you don’t get a fine or sanction.
Issues with renting skips in Ludlow
At Norris Ludlow, we are aware of all the challenges that come with hiring the best skips, especially if you have to get a skip hire permit as well. Narrow paths, local council laws, small gardens, double yellow lines, red routes, pedestrian only lanes, congestion zones, limited space in front, and narrow paths are the issues which usually come up with skip renting in Ludlow. We know that the growing population in Ludlow will mean a more difficult skip hiring process soon. You can avoid the stress of hiring skips and getting permits by hiring our waste disposal service instead.
Skip Hire Rules and regulations
For “controlled waste” deposit, recovery and removal regulation, a new waste licensing system replaced the 1974 Control of Pollution Act in 1994. Controlled waste refers to liquid or solid industrial, commercial, and household wastes. Personal garden waste disposal does not require the use of the license. Anyone applying for the license has to show proof that they can handle it. “Technical competence” is something an applicant for new site ownership needs to show by having the Waste Management Industry Training and Advisory Board (WAMITAB) certificate .
The duty of care for people who manage creating, bringing in, movement, storing, treating and removing controlled waste is specified in section 34 of the act. The Act stated as follows: “any escape or waste must be avoided, waste can only be moved to an authorized person, the waste being transferred should go with a written description or you will be penalized.” How waste is disposed of is controlled by special waste regulations 1996 and the hazardous waste regulations 2005.
Skip Hire Permits
Do you want to hire a skip for a construction project that will involve placing it on public land? Then you will need a skip hire permit. Using land that is not yours to place the skip means you must have a skip hire permit. These lands include federal highways and government roads, third party owned lands, and land along streets. You can use your own land or space without a skip hire permit if you have it, only ensuring you don’t cross into land that isn’t yours. You risk being fined or having the skip removed and seized if you do not ensure your skip doesn’t cross out of your own land and into someone’s space. Getting a skip hire permit can cost as low as £20, based on the skip size and council you have to get the permit from. There are also skip hire permits for a lot more than £20, including £60, £80 and £100. Any questions you have on pricing can be answered at the local council office. At Norris Ludlow we feel duty bound to ensuring you hire a skip without stress. You don’t need the hassle involved with getting a skip hire permit because we can get it for you as we deliver your choice of skip. Request an online quote and we will include the cost of getting a skip hire permit, which would be excluded, of course, if you have property to use. The permits we have available alongside our skip hire services can serve for up to 14 days. You can reach us now on 020 8698 8000 if you need to know more details on skip hire permits and other waste disposal services.
Tested skips with certificate
If it is your first experience skip hiring, you may have reservations about the safety and effectiveness of the skips when in use. We don’t just get you the skip size of your choice at Norris Ludlow, we provide tested skips with certificates as well. Closed skip or open skip, we can deliver whichever you want with proof of its efficiency and quality. We can be reached as well on 020 8698 8000, and our experts will provide any details you need. Another option is to come by our Ludlow office and we will provide the tested skip you want with certificate.
At Norris Ludlow, we allow a large variety of waste to be put in our skips. But there are restrictions on certain products, and they are not allowed in our skips. If it is safe enough, we can take those items from you and get them treated. The items we do not allow in our skips include automotive oils and fluids, medical waste, car tyres, heavy duty batteries, gas canisters, television sets, air conditioning units, refrigerators, aerosols, and fluorescent light bulbs.
Recycling Targets/Landfill Policy
A number of targets for recycling were set by the Environmental Agency and government. These targets are upheld by us at Norris Ludlow and here they are: The goal of the Environmental Agency is to secure the protection and improvement of the environment in England and Wales. Some government organisations and local authorities are tasked with the job of meeting their targets and making sure other environmental services available get to needed locations. The Environmental Agency also strives to improve the quality of water, land, and air continuously. They implement steps that aim to control pollution in the environment, encouraging efforts towards preserving natural resources as well. That’s not all! The body also enlightens the general populace on issues regarding the environment, improving waste removal standards, encouraging the recycling of household products to reduce the quantity of waste, and lots more. The agency can be contacted on 08 708 506 506, or by their office in your region. You can also visit their head office at Rio House, Waterside Drive, Almondsbury BS32 4UD. A landfill directive was released to address Government Targets. The amount of waste that requires a reduction for landfilling purposes in the UK is specified. It further stated that, from 2007, landfills were to only take untreated waste. Starting from the most recent year, these are the targets: The quantity of waste allowed to be taken and used in landfills in the UK by 2015 shouldn’t exceed 35% of what was taken in 1995. In 2013, only 50% of the waste collected for filling UK landfill sites in 1995 should be collected. Only 75% of the waste taken in 1995 should be taken for landfill sites in the UK in 2010. In addition to that, the Waste Strategy 2000 introduced the following targets, to recover waste and meet the landfill directive: 67% of the waste must be recovered by 2015, 45% must be recovered by 2010, and 40% must be recovered by 2005.
The targets for natural recycling were published in the Waste Strategy 2000 by the government. They include:
By 2015, 33% of household waste should be composted or recycled. 30% of household waste must be composted or recycled as of 2010. Household waste that is composted or recycled, in 2015, should be 25%, while the local authorities had a 30% target. The government released a ” Waste Performance and Efficiency Grant” to assist in the recycling and reduction of waste and landfill diversions. Wood, vehicles, composting, clinical waste, building materials, batteries, paper, printer cartridges, plastic, furniture, glass, oil, metal, electricals and electronics, computers, and more are recyclable.