Skip Hire sizes
We have skips for hire in different sizes at Norris Roxeth. Whether you’re planning an office clearing or a home removal, we have the perfect skip size to meet your needs. If you need a small skip size like a 2 yard, or a big one of 12 yards, either way we have you covered. Our skips are in sizes 2 yard, 4 yard, 6 yard, 8 yard, 10 yard, and 12 yard.
- 4 Yard Skip Hire The 4 yard skip is also available for hire at Norris Roxeth. The 4 yard skip has two times the capacity of the 2 yard skip, at a height of 0.90 meters. With a 1.5m by 2.5m width, it can hold bigger items like electronics, bathroom refits, furniture, kitchen refits, and appliances. It can hold just over 17 full barrow loads of waste and 45 to 50 black waste bags. It’s ideal for house or garden clearance, and other DIY projects.
- 6 Yard Skip Hire If you wish to carry out house extension projects, or some renovations in your business premises, this is probably the most ideal skip for you to hire. At Norris Roxeth, we provide the 6 yard skip to carry any builders waste. It’s perfect for stashing away heavy waste and bulky materials like soil or stones. Its holding space can take about to 75 to 95 black disposal bags, or 30 full barrow loads of building dirt, as it has a width of 1.8m by 2.3m. You’ve most likely come across this skip in your area.
- 8 Yard Skip Hire If your building project is quite big, the 8 yard skip we provide would be perfect. Similar to the 6 yard skip, the 8 yard skip has space for a lot more waste and refits. It’s around 1.9m by 3.4m wide, but it can take almost 20% more than what the 6 yard skip can. It has enough room for up to 100-115 full black bin bags, or 40 barrow loads of builders waste materials. It’s also good for large home removals.
- 10 Yard Skip Hire This skip works perfectly in large garden clearance and home removals. This skip is 2.1m by 3.6m wide, and can be used for commercial projects, it can be hired at Norris Roxeth. It is big enough to hold up to 52 barrows filled with commercial waste, or 120–140 large bin bags at a time. It works perfectly for large scale site clearance, home removals, and other projects.
- 12 Yard Skip Hire This skip is suitable for industrial processes. The 12 yard skip can serve for projects like site clearances, office clearances, and commercial projects that will require large amounts of waste disposal at once, and is available for hire at Norris Roxeth. With a width of 2.5m by 4.0m, this skip is also long enough to contain 150–185 black disposable bags at any time. Over 62 barrow loads of building waste such as slabs, concrete, and soil can safely fit into this skip.
Roxeth Skip Hire
Do you wish to hire a skip for domestic or commercial purposes? Have you been shopping around for the skip size you need at the best possible price? Norris Roxeth can provide you with what you need. We ensure that waste does not become an environmental hazard by providing a professional skip hire service in Roxeth, we always do our best to work around your schedule. For quite a while now, we have delivered fast and efficient service to our customers, even making sure they get what they need the same day they ordered it. Over the years, we’ve provided skip hire services, waste removal, office clearing, rubbish removal solutions, and expert advice to customers in Roxeth. Our services are competitively priced, representing some of the best prices in the area, but we never compromise on the quality of the service we deliver. We track all the waste we collect from you and recycle as much as we can. Our entire approach is ethical, and we take recycling extremely seriously. Our environmentally friendly approach is at the centre of what we do, ensuring that we minimise any risk to the environment or the health of the public. At Norris, we have fully trained, vetted staff, who understand your needs and are always willing to help you recycle materials to declutter your home or office. We ensure that all of our drivers possess a Heavy Good Vehicle (HGV) license and have the Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC), as well as being naturally friendly and professional. When you engage us to provide you with a skip, or to work with you on a project, you can rest assured that we will always be professional. Our skips are painted on a regular basis to ensure that they are always in good condition. Whether you need a skip that is a 2 yard or 18 yards, we can deliver it in no time, at a price that suits your budget. To get a fast, free, no obligation quote, fill out our contact form right now!
Why Norris Roxeth
We at Norris Roxeth are highly experienced in the waste management industry and, with it, have built a brand that says credibility, transparency, and top-notch service delivery. We prioritize the satisfaction and safety of our customers. Therefore, we endeavour to make sure that as soon as you make a request for a particular skip size, it is delivered to you the same day at a price that fits your budget. Our skillful and knowledgeable team of experts are poised to give you seasoned advice to help you procure the perfect skip for your waste at home or your workplace. Need an online quote? Click here now!
Accreditations and Experience
Norris Roxeth has received many awards, accreditation, and certificates due to our years of experience in the skip hire and waste management industry. First is the RoSPA Gold Medal Award – which is presented to firms that have reached Gold Level and remained there for 5 years in a row. Norris Roxeth’s unparalleled dedication to customer safety and health while offering their services is what earned us the award We are also certified by the International Standards Organization (ISO). We implement a management system of ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and OHSAS 18001 SHEQ to guarantee to our clients where we will never fall below service delivery expectations. Why this is, is that ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and OHSAS 18001 SHEQ help us without customer service, service delivery, general service, and operations management and monitoring. A forever improving quality of service, which will always be above par, is what we are guaranteeing to you. We are proudly a part of the membership of the Chartered Institution of Waste Management (CIWM). Over 6,000 professional waste management agencies in the UK and other countries are represented by the CIWM. Also working in the sustainable resources sector are these waste management professionals (including us). CIWM also come up with the standards, guiding rules, and regulations for agencies under the above sector, and grades them according to their experience, qualifications, and education, as part of its constitution as a professional body. Apart from CIWM membership, we also have accreditation from SafeContractor, which is a third party accreditation body in the health and safety industry, and which is fast growing. This scheme based in the UK, has more than 17,000 contractors as members, and over 150 major clients. Our membership of the scheme is a guarantee that we will ensure the safety of your environment. The Wood Recyclers Association (WRA) also has us on their membership list. It is the duty of the Wood Recyclers Association (WRA) to represent its members to any regulatory authority, even the government. It is also their duty to offer members relevant information and guidance on the wood recycling sector. The WRA also creates a good atmosphere for members to network and benefit from diverse opportunities, and further promote wood recycling, both its commercial and environmental benefits.
New recycling targets have been set by the government and the Environmental Agency to be reached by every waste management agency. Norris Roxeth experts recognize these targets, which are: The English and Welsh environment is protected and improved upon by the Environmental Agency. The Environmental Agency does not meet its targets or offer other environmental services to areas that need it all alone, because they partner with several other local authorities and organisations to achieve these goals. The Environmental Agency also strives to improve the quality of water, land, and air continuously. They control environmental pollution, and also encourage the conservation of animals, plants and other natural resources by implementing certain efforts towards these goals. It doesn’t end there! The agency also puts effort in ensuring that people are up to date in environmental matters, raises waste removal standards and promotes the recycling of household products to significantly reduce the quantity of waste, among other objectives. Get in touch with the Environmental Agency office in your location, or you can find the head office in Bristol Rio House, Waterside Drive, Almondsbury BS32 4UD. Telephone: 08708 506 506. Concerning the targets set by the government, they have released a directive. The directive released contains government targets aimed at reducing the amount of waste taken to landfill spots in the UK. From the recent year, the targets include: The quantity of waste taken to landfill sites in the UK by 2015 should be 35% of what was taken in 1995. By 2013, the waste taken to landfill sites around the United Kingdom should be 50% of what was taken in 1995. The quantity of waste taken to landfill sites in the UK by 2010 should be 75% of what was taken in 1995. The Waste Strategy of 2000 introduced the following targets to aid waste recovery and to make the landfill directive achievable: As at 2015, 67% of waste should be recovered, 45% of waste should be recovered as of 2010, while 40% of waste should be recovered as of 2005. The Waste Strategy of 2000 contains the natural recycling targets published by the government. Below are the targets: By 2015, 33% of household waste should be composted or recycled. Composting and recycling should be carried out on 30% of household waste as at 2010. Composting and recycling should be carried out on 25% of household waste as of 2005, while each local authority was 30% in the same year. A ” Waste Performance and Efficiency Grant” was issued by the government to assist local authorities in more recycling, reduction of waste, and for landfill diversions. Materials like batteries, paper, printer cartridges, plastic, furniture, glass, oil, metal, electrical and electronics, vehicles, wood, clinical waste, building materials, and so on, have been listed as recyclable. If you want to keep yourself abreast of new additions to the targets, especially in recent years, contact us at Norris Roxeth office at Roxeth.
Our Affordable Price Range
Are you looking to hire a skip at some very affordable prices? We offer waste management solutions, rubbish removal services, commercial/domestic clearance, and so on, with different sizes of skips all at a very low price. Do you require a particular kind of service and you have made a budget for it? We have a team of experts to advise you on which solution to settle for, to ensure you still get optimum service. Your location in Roxeth will not stop us from meeting your needs. For what reason are you looking to hire a skip? Do you want to hire one for a construction project or for a home clearance? We have the perfect sizes at great prices to suit your needs and fit into your budget. We know that most people, especially in the UK, prefer to plan their lives and money a year ahead. Offering alternative options, which will ensure that your requirements are met no matter how much you’ve set as a budget, isn’t the only thing our professionals are willing to help you with, they are also here to provide sound advice and answers. In as much as we provide skips for hire at great prices you can afford, we maintain our professionalism and effective customer service, so that you can always rely on us whenever you need your waste cleared. When you know we can provide you with the best skip hire available, you don’t need to spend more than is in your budget. Whether it is for commercial or domestic purposes, message or call us to get an online quote today!
All Skip Sizes
Do you need a skip for commercial or domestic use, and require a specific size? For any quantity of waste you have, we have the particular skip size you need. if you are anywhere in Roxeth, you will have your skip sent to you on the same day. Are you looking to have a large quantity of waste disposed of from your building sites or need them recycled? Or maybe you just need to move waste from your home, then you can hire any of our skips, from the 2 yard to the 12 yard skip. Here is our skip size list: 2 Yard Skip – This size is the smallest we have in our collection and also the most affordable. This size is ideal for a waste quantity that is very small. 4 Yard Skip – if you want to move things like home furniture, appliances, bathroom refits, electronics and kitchen refits, then this size is for you. 6 Yard Skip – This skip size is right for you if you are carrying out house extension projects or some renovations on your business premises. 8 Yard Skip – For larger building projects that the 6 yard skips will be too small for, the 8 yard skip will be perfect, as it can contain more waste and refits. 10 Yard Skip – Perfect for those doing garden clearance or home removal. 12 Yard Skip – It is a small industrial skip. Concrete, paving stones, slabs, soil, and so on, fitting up to 62 barrows can be held by one of these.
Same Day Skip Delivery
Are you in the market for an efficient waste collection agency, who will come the same day you called to dispose of your house, office or construction site waste? Do you need a skip hire service in Roxeth that will get you the perfect skip you want in just hours? We assure you of a quality service. We provide you with a same day delivery service anywhere you are around Roxeth and its surroundings. You will get your Norris Roxeth skip before you know it once you give us a call on 020 8698 8000.
Efficient and Time Conscious Service
When it comes to waste management issues, we at Norris Roxeth understand that it’s a matter of health. So, we continue to not let poor time keeping or inefficiency put the health of our clients and the general public at risk. We endeavour to keep time, and give you an efficient service no matter where you are in Roxeth or its surroundings. Our staff are well acquainted with the urgency of maintaining good public health. Want to get a skip today? Make your request and it will arrive today. It is as simple as that! We want your schedule to go as planned, and make sure you don’t wait until the next day. We will reply to you faster than anticipated, so why not call us today or send a message.
Your Skip Hire for Commercial/Domestic Use
If you need commercial or domestic skip hire in Roxeth, then what you need is for Norris Roxeth to provide you with their wide range of very affordable skips, wherever you are in the city. Do you want to dispose of your old furniture because you are considering refurbishing your office? Are you clearing out your garden, or transforming your landscape, and you need to clear out all the rubble? Our experts are here to assist you. We have you covered on anything waste disposal, no matter how much you have piled up in your property, so that you have more time on your hands to run your business or follow yout schedule without any lapses.
Why Hire A Skip?
For those living especially in Roxeth, we have put together some of the reasons why you should hire a skip. Make your environment clean and healthy by hiring a skip today. Remember that, ” health is wealth”. You’ll also get to save money that would have gone into cleaning up. Buying a skip will help save you time and money. Immediately when they are full, a truck comes to pick them up. Your time will be saved by getting a skip. Time is money, so why spend the time you should be using on being productive to handle rubbish all the time? Focus more on your daily activities and business instead of distracting yourself with loading rubbish into a truck all the time. Get an efficient skip hire service you can rely on to help with your waste problems. Call us now on 020 8698 8000 and let us handle your home removals, office clearing, and waste management issues.
Professional Home Removals
Are you getting irritated with the amount of waste piled up in your home? Do you need a reliable and professional waste management team to handle your home removals? Do you have a garage or attic that is clustered with items you no longer have any use for? We will help you get rid of unnecessary junk and also collect and recycle all your scrap so you won’t need to worry yourself. We appreciate why you might need to rid your home of old furniture and electronics when you are giving it a new look. Also, a pile of unnecessary waste material will be produced in your yard while you are redesigning your home, and we know you will want to get rid of it. That’s why we at Norris Roxeth are dedicated to giving you an environmentally friendly service to ensure that all those items are removed as quickly as possible, and recycled too.
Work Space Clearance
Are you a business and office owner? Unnecessary junk and unwanted materials are likely to be piled up in your workspace. If the workload gets too much, you might even consider moving to a more spacious office. You will need a reliable skip company to help you dispose of unwanted items when you are changing offices. We come in at this point. We also come in to assist in disposing and recycling unwanted office materials. Your small gadgets will be sent to a Waste Electrical Site (WEEE) for recycling. Before you know it, we will be at your office after you call.
Professional Site Clearance
Do you generate lots of building waste from the construction company you are a manager at? Are you searching for how to recycle certain products and reuse them? Norris Roxeth is the ideal site clearance service you need. You can get on with your work the minute you come because we keep a clean and safe work environment. Do you want the scrap metal, aggregate, rubble, building waste, and hazardous materials in your site to be removed? Call us immediately and we will have our team of experts sent to your location.
Professional Rubbish Collection
For both your home and business rubbish collection services, we have you covered. It doesn’t matter if you need the service for a particular job or need us to collect waste from your property, we’ll do it the same day so you can get back to your routine. Our skip hire and rubbish collection services are affordable compared to any others you will find around or in Roxeth. Our tools promote the wellbeing of the environment and abide by all safety and health standards. Are you a business manager, homeowner or representative of a multinational corporation? Call us today for your home removals, office clearing or site clearance, and we will be there to remove any waste material, industrial junk or hazardous waste that can be detrimental to public health and the environment.
Your different forms of waste (sludge, gaseous, liquid, and solid) can be removed by our experts who are highly knowledgeable in waste management. Why worry about handling waste and getting your hands dirty when you can call us today and we will take care of it for you? We can sort out your waste management issues on the same day of your request. Fill the form in here if you want an online quote.
Builders Waste Removal by Norris Roxeth.
When carrying out renovations on your property or a construction site, you will need a skip to stash the full barrow loads of paver stones, slabs, concrete, building materials and other waste. We make your waste removal easier by providing you with skips, but we also assist in builders waste removal. At our disposal is a team of professionals who understand health and safety standards and are well trained. They are always ready to give you quality service that will meet your needs and budget. To get a quote irrespective of where in Roxeth your building project is, give us a call today.
We show straightforwardness, and monitor every part of the recycling process from collection to disposal and recycling. The moment our facility receives the waste, it is weighed. To separate the materials, our trained experts use both manual and mechanical means. The waste is taken via a conveyor belt into a tank where it further undergoes air, hand, and magnetic separation. What follows is the recycling of the waste into reusable products.
Hazardous Waste Disposal
Some waste in the environment poses a health hazard to everyone. These materials are hazardous to the environment as well, and can come in gaseous, liquid, or solid forms. Therefore, it would not be wise for you to handle this waste by yourself – because you will be endangering your life and the lives of your family or co-workers. Norris Roxeth is a professional waste management company that you can hire for waste removal services. Our toxic waste disposal services at Norris Roxeth extend to anywhere in or around Roxeth. Our team of experts have received all the training required to properly handle liquid, solid, sludge, or gaseous waste. We also secure waste collection that complies with industry standards, including the rules of all regulatory bodies.
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Competitive Skip Hire Prices in Roxeth
No need to worry about getting the most competitive skip prices in Roxeth, Norris Roxeth has the best available in the area. Our skips are perfectly sized and perfectly priced for domestic and commercial use, to allow you to save. The smaller skip sizes are considered to be more cost saving for waste disposal While you may save when you get small skips for small waste disposal, it would not be profitable to do so for larger disposals or to get larger skips for smaller disposal. At Norris Roxeth, we don’t want you to end up with a skip that doesn’t serve its purpose.
That’s the reason our experts can work with your budget and waste disposal needs to give you the best cost saving advice, regardless of the skip size you’re hiring. To make the process even smoother for you, we include the cost of getting a skip hire permit, for if you do not have land of your own to place the skip. This is cost and time effective in relation to getting a skip hire permit from your council office, and saves you from being fined for using public space without a permit. You can reach us now on 020 8698 8000 and we will get you amazing skip hire prices.
Get Quote Online
Do you want to remove waste from your home, office, or business premises? Are you looking to hire a skip for your construction projects to make it easy for workers to dispose of waste before it becomes hazardous to the environment? For the best priced skips you can find anywhere, call Norris Roxeth today. If you leave us a message regarding your budget for waste management or disposal, you will receive a quote from as soon as possible. You can save yourself the stress of finding a waste disposal service in Roxeth and just get the quote you need online. If you send in your request by filling the form in here, one of our experts will give you a response today.
Compare affordable skip hire prices & order in seconds
It is a good idea to get quotes from a number of local skip hire services in and around Roxeth to get a picture of hiring costs. We do not disagree with this at Norris Roxeth. It is best to make sure the companies you request quotes from have been licensed, accredited, and insured. For the purpose of comparing skip prices that are affordable and ordering instantly, it is best to use a provider that can get you the skip you need on the same day. We can do this for you and cut costs at Norris Roxeth by making affordable skip hire services anywhere you are in and around Roxeth. You can trust us for reliable skips and waste disposal services and avoid the hassle of working with a waste removal firm you cannot rely on. In fact, we also provide you with alternatives to skips. We have highly trained professionals who can handle your office or house clearance if you need to hire professionals. We can send you a quote to match your budget, you just need to send us a message, and you will hear from us as soon as we can.
Fill in your postcode and get a skip hire price
All you need to find affordable skip hire services is fill in your postcode here and get immediate results. No matter where you are or what skip size you want, Norris Roxeth can get you hire prices. Simply put your postcode in the bar above, click on “get price” and you’ll get the results you want. Wherever you are in and around Roxeth, you can get amazing prices for the skip you require thanks to our state of the art algorithms. We don’t require personal details like your home address or card details. It is our intention that you get a price list that aligns with your budget so you can start making decisions on what to do next. You can also contact us if you want any specific skip hire service.
Other Skip Hire Pricing Factors
A number of factors matter and have to be looked into when you want to hire a skip. All these factors are well understood by us at Norris Roxeth, and we are going to briefly help you understand as well. Regional Pricing – the cost of hiring a skip differs from region to region. A skip that would cost you £50 in London, for instance, may cost you less in Roxeth. How long you want to keep the skip will affect the price of the skip. The longer the period of time you intend to keep it, the more likely you are to pay a higher amount. Not also forgetting that skip hire permits have a duration too. Limitations and Restrictions – different skip sizes also have different weight limits. Ask your skip hire service provider if they have restrictions on their skips. You may get fined or sanctioned if you put products in the skip that are not allowed, which is why you need to find out if there are any such products.
Issues with renting skips in Roxeth
Skip hire is not always easy, you have to get the right one, and there’s more stress if you need a permit- we know all of this at Norris Roxeth. Issues to be considered when hiring a skip in Roxeth are local council laws, red routes, double yellow lines, narrow paths, congestion zones, small front space, pedestrian only lanes and red routes. We are also aware of the increasing population in Roxeth, which will mean increased difficulty in skip hiring in the near future. Alternative to kip hiring and getting a hire permit, our waste disposal services are available for your use.
Skip Hire Rules and regulations
In 1994, another waste licensing system replaced the 1974 Control of Pollution Act for “controlled waste” regulation – deposit, recovery and removal. Solid or liquid commercial, industrial, and household waste is called controlled waste. However, people who are just disposing of waste from their personal garden were exempted from the need of the license. Proof of fitness to hold the license determines if it will be granted. Applications for new site ownership need to be accompanied by the Waste Management Training and Advisory Board (WAMITAB) certificate as proof of “technical competence”.
Section 34 of the act includes the duty of care for people who are part of creating, bringing in, conveying, storing, treating, and removing controlled waste. The Act stated as follows: “any escape or waste must be avoided, waste can only be moved to an authorized person, the waste being transferred should go with a written description or you will be penalized.” The special waste regulations 1996 and the hazardous waste regulations 2005 are in charge of controlling the way waste is disposed.
Skip Hire Permits
To place a skip for a construction project on any public land, you need a skip hire permit. Skip hire permits have to be obtained when you need to use land that isn’t your property to place your skip. This land could be a federal highway, government road, a street, or could be owned by a third party. A skip hire isn’t necessary when you have land to use and won’t be crossing into another person’s land or government owned land. But, if you place a skip in a position that infringes on the privacy of another person not involved in your project, the skip might be removed and seized, or you could even be fined. For as low as £20 you can get a skip hire permit – depending on the size of the skip and the council that is issuing the permit to you at the time. There are more expensive skip hire permits; for about £60, £80 and £100. You can contact the council office to find out more about the pricing if you wish. At Norris Roxeth we feel duty bound to ensuring you hire a skip without stress. Why bother then with getting a skip hire permit when we can get it done for you, along with delivering the skip you hire? When you request an online quote, we include the cost of getting a permit, which will not be necessary if you have land of your own to place the skip in. Our skip hire service can come with skip hire permits that are valid for 14 days. Contact us today on 020 8698 8000 to find out more about skip hire permits and other services we have made available for you.
Tested skips with certificate
If you’re hiring for the first time, you may have concerns on how safe and effective skips are when they are in use. At Norris Roxeth, we not only provide you with skips of different sizes, we also supply tested skips with certificates. Closed skip or open skip, we can deliver whichever you want with proof of its efficiency and quality. Call us today on 020 8698 8000 if you have any concerns, and our experts will answer your questions. You can also come by our Roxeth office instead and the tested skip you want will be provided with certificate.
At Norris Roxeth, we accept various types of waste in our skips. A few items, however, are not allowed in our skips. We can just take them and get them treated for you – depending on how safe those materials are. These restricted items are automotive oils and fluids, medical waste, car tyres, heavy duty batteries, gas canisters, television sets, air conditioning units, refrigerators, aerosols, and fluorescent light bulbs.
Recycling Targets/Landfill Policy
For a while now, there have been recycling targets set by the Environmental Agency and government. We recognize these recycling targets at Norris Roxeth and here they are: The Environmental Agency aims to make sure the Englands’ and Wales’ environment can improve and is protected. Many government organisations and local authorities are in place to ensure recycling targets are met, and that areas needing environmental services receive the services they have available. The agency aspires to ensure regular improvements in the quality of land, air and water as well. They work towards the control of pollution in the environment and encourage the protection of natural resources like plants and animals. That isn’t even all! The body provides public education on environmental matters as well, supporting the recycling of household waste to reduce the quantity. You can visit them at their office in your region, or their head office at Rio House, Waterside Drive, Almondsbury BS32 4UD. You can also call them on 08 708 506 506. A landfill directive was released to address Government Targets. The amount of waste that requires a reduction for landfilling purposes in the UK is specified. It also added, from 2007, that landfills shouldn’t take waste that hasn’t been treated. The targets are as follows from the most recent year: No more that 35% of the waste retrieved to use for landfill sites in the UK should be retrieved by 2015. No more that 50% of the waste retrieved to use for landfill sites in the UK should be retrieved by 2013. No more that 75% of the waste retrieved to use for landfill sites in the UK should be retrieved by 2010 Also added by the Waste Strategy 2000 were the following targets, to ensure 75% waste recovery and the achievement of the landfill directive, the following waste percentages have to be recovered: 67% in 2015, 45% in 2010 and 40% in 2005.
The natural recycling targets were published in the Waste Strategy 2000 by the government. These targets were:
By 2015, 33% of household waste should be composted or recycled. Household waste that is composted or recycled in 2010 should be at 30%. 25% of household waste has to be composted or recycled in 2005, although local authority was 30% in that same year. The government issued a ” Waste Performance and Efficiency Grant” to help local authorities recycle more, reduce waste, and for landfill diversions. The following materials can be recycled: wood, clinical waste, metal, building materials, batteries, paper, printer, cartridges, plastic, electricals and electronics, computers, composting, and various others.